SHAKE256 is an extendable-output function (XOF) in the SHA-3 family, as specified in FIPS 202.
As a XOF, SHAKE256 is a generalization of a cryptographic hash function. Instead of creating a fixed-length digest (e.g. 32 bytes like SHA-2/256), it can produce outputs of any desired length.
Output bits do not depend of the output length.
The 256 in its name indicates its maximum security level (in bits), as described in Sections A.1 and A.2 of FIPS 202.
In the following example, the output is 26 bytes (208 bits) long:
>>> from Crypto.Hash import SHAKE256 >>> from binascii import hexlify >>> >>> shake = SHAKE256.new() >>> shake.update(b'Some data') >>> print hexlify(shake.read(26))
A SHAKE256 hash object. Do not instantiate directly. Use the
Variables: oid (string) – ASN.1 Object ID
Compute the next piece of XOF output.
Parameters: length (integer) – the amount of bytes this method must return Returns: the next piece of XOF output (of the given length) Return type: byte string
Continue hashing of a message by consuming the next chunk of data.
Parameters: data (byte string/byte array/memoryview) – The next chunk of the message being hashed.